Rules of Football Game in the UK

Rules of football game in the UK are officially called “Laws of the Game”. Below are these rules:

  • Field of play – the game is played on an artificial or a natural surface, and the surface should be rectangular and green. Touch lines and two goal lines are set on each side of the rectangle, and a halfway line divides the field in half.
  • Ball – the ball should be spherical and made from leather. It has to have a certain pressure and a circumference measuring 68–70 cm.
  • Number of players – the game is to be played by two teams with eleven players each team. It cannot begin if there are less than seven players in either team.
  • Equipment – players should wear shin guards, footwear, stockings, shorts, and jersey.
  • Referee – the referee makes sure that the rules of the game are followed and respected.
  • Assistant referees – there may be at least two assistant referees.
  • Match duration – the game consists of two halves with 45 minutes each half. Half-time interval should not go beyond fifteen minutes.
  • Start and restart of play – the kick-off marks the beginning of the match or continuation of the game after a goal. A switch in the direction of the other team for kick-off is done after half time.
  • Ball in and out – the ball is out the moment a goal is scored or as the referee stops the game. The game is also played in all other occasions.
  • Scoring method – the ball should cross the goal line and within the goal mouth.
  • Offside – if on offence, the player in contact with the ball is closer to the opposing team’s goal than the ball and the second-to-the-last opponent. The offside rule was set to make sure that the opponents like the defender and goalkeeper are always there in between the goal and the player getting the ball.
  • Misconduct and fouls – there is a variety of fouls, and it would be an offence to utilise too much force in handling the ball (unless you’re the goalkeeper). The referee may reveal the yellow card to the players to caution them and make them more cautious of the offences. Red card means more serious offences were done. Two yellow cards are equal to one red card.
  • Free kicks – these kicks are provided by the referee in case of misconduct and fouls. The kick may either be direct or indirect. A score can be made in a direct free kick. Such goals can only be scored from indirect free kick when it touches another player first.
  • Penalty kicks – these kicks are provided against the team that makes an offence. The ball will be kicked from a penalty spot.
  • Throw-in – this is utilised to restart the game as the ball crosses the touch line.
  • Goal kick – this is done to restart the game after a goal is scored.
  • Corner kick – this kick is provided when the ball crosses the goal line and was touched last by someone from the defending team.